Plants that grow beneath the surface of streams and other bodies of water are easy to overlook, but they play important roles in aquatic ecosystems. They help clean and oxygenate water, stabilize fragile stream-beds, and provide food and habitat for aquatic and wetland creatures, including insects, fish, and waterfowl.
Examples of submerged aquatic plants include native pondweeds, coontail, and eel-grass. But some species—milfoil, fanwort, curly pondweed, hydrilla, and others—may become invasive, choking waterways, consuming oxygen, and reducing biodiversity.
In August, a team from The New York Botanical Garden, the Bronx River Alliance, and the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation surveyed the upper reaches of the Bronx River, looking for native and invasive species of submerged aquatic plants. The survey was jointly organized by NYC Parks, the New York-New Jersey Harbor & Estuary Program, the Bronx River Alliance, and representatives from other federal, state, city, university, and community organizations.
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